"With better training, high school diplomas or, better, degrees from community colleges, many graduates of such programs, it is hoped, will become chefs instead of hamburger flippers; plumbers, electricians or carpenters instead of pickup laborers; nurses instead of health aides."
The issue of disconnected youth receives a lot of attention in our field. This recent article (registration required) details efforts to modernize the curriculum at Job Corps, a much vaunted federal education and job training residential program that dates back to Johnson's "War on Poverty." Some studies mentioned in the article suggest that the model may not benefit teens, though it may have some benefits for their slightly older peers in their 20's. It's a reminder of how difficult it can be to reach young adults.